One method for estimating animal populations is known as mark-recapture sampling.

the ratio of the total number of voles to the total number of marked voles is equal to the ratio of the number of voles in the 2nd sample to the number of recaptured voles.

Estimating the population size of an animal population can be important in managing a natural area to see if the
population is approaching the **carrying capacity** of the area.

**Carrying capacity**: maximum number of individuals of a species that a habitat can
support.

For example, we may use traps to capture a particular species of voles. After capture, each vole is marked and released.

After a certain amount of time, the traps are reset to catch another sample of voles. Some of the voles in this second group will be new individuals not caught in the first group, but some may be marked individuals from the first trapping.

We can represent the vole numbers as follows: `p. 140`

- N = estimated population
- T = number of organisms from first trapping, and marked
- n = number of organisms from second trapping (both marked and unmarked)
- t = number of marked organisms from second trapping

the ratio of the total number of voles to the total number of marked voles is equal to the ratio of the number of voles in the 2nd sample to the number of recaptured voles.

N/T = n/t N = (T)(n) / t

**PART A - MARK AND RECAPTURE EXPERIMENT****Section 1 - Mark and Recapture Using Beans**- Fill tub about 1/2 full of brown beans.
- Count
**200**-**500**white beans (30 is too few); this is**T**.

Mix the white and brown beans; the total number of beans now in the tub is**N**. - Randomly remove a handful (or cupful - should be about
**200**-**500**) beans; this is**n**; try to be consistent with this sample size for each trial. - Count marked (white) beans; this is
**t**. Each sample must have at least one white bean. - Do 10 trials.
- After the 10 trials, count ALL of the beans (brown AND white); this is the actual population,
**A**. - Calculate percent error:
%error = |(A - N)| * 100 / A

Put your group's numbers in Table 5, copy the other groups' numbers in datasheet. Add a column for

**T**.Group # Average Population Estimate

(N)Actual Population Size

(A)Sample Size

(T)% error 1 2 3 4 5 6 **NOTE**: segregate brown and white beans before returning them to jars.**Section 2 - Mark and Recapture Using Mealworms**`p. 141`SKIP mealworms

**PART B - EXTRA MARK AND RECAPTURE PROJECT**`p. 142`SKIP

**PART C - QUESTIONS (**`p. 145`)Skip question #6 about mealworms.

`p. 146`

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